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See the recording of Belize's review at the UPR 2018

  • 13 November 2018 |
  • Published in Notices

See Belize's review by peers at the 3rd cycle of the Universal Periodic Review.

--- check back for the list of recommendaitons -- 


12 Nov 2018 -  UPR of Belize
- National Report of Belize: A/HRC/WG.6/31/BLZ/1
- Compilation prepared by the OHCHR in accordance with paragraph 15 (b) of the annex to HRC resolution 5/1 and paragraph 5 of the annex to HRC resolution 16/21: A/HRC/WG.6/31/BLZ/2
- Summary prepared by the OHCHR in accordance with paragraph 15 (c) of the annex to HRC resolution 5/1 and paragraph 5 of the annex to HRC resolution 16/21: A/HRC/WG.6/31/BLZ/3

play  Recording of the live event ( 12 November 2018)



UPR Updates

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Recent Caribbean Member States that were Reviewed -  Saint Lucia  | Saint Kitts and Nevis  | States to be reviewed in 2016



The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is the mechanism of the Human Rights Council (HRC) aimed at improving the human rights situation on the ground of each of the 193 United Nations (UN) Member States. The human rights situation of a UN Member States is reviewed every 4.5 years. 42 States are reviewed each year during three Working Group sessions dedicated to 14 States each. These three sessions are usually held in January/February, May/June and October/November.

The result of each review is reflected in an “outcome report” listing the recommendations the State under review (SuR) will have to implement before the next review.

The UPR process comprised of 3 key stages:

1) Review of the human rights situation of the SuR;

2) Implementation between two reviews (4.5 years) by the SuR of the recommendations received and the voluntary pledges made;

3) Reporting at the next review on the implementation of those recommendations and pledges and on the human rights situation in the country since the previous review

The review takes place in a Working Group in Geneva, Switzerland, and lasts 3.5 hours.

Composition of the Working Group

The Working Group is composed of all UN member-States and chaired by the President of the Human Rights Council. Other relevant stakeholders, such as NGOs, national institutions and UN agencies, can attend the Working Group but they cannot take the floor.

Proceeding of the review

Each review starts with the presentation by the State under Review of its National Report and of its responses to the advance questions. Advance questions are questions submitted by States in writing ten days before the review.

Following this presentation, an interactive dialogue takes place during which States take the floor to ask questions and make recommendations on the human rights situation in the country under review. During this interactive dialogue, the State under Review takes the floor regularly to answer the questions and to comment on the recommendations.

At the end, the State under Review presents its concluding remarks.  

The State under Review's overall speaking time throughout the review is 70 minutes. Other States have a total of 140 minutes.

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Saint Lucia:

In total 44 States participated in the dialogue:  22 Human Rights Council  members and 22 observers. States participating in the dialogue posed a series of recommendations to Saint Lucia.  




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  • Represented by two-member delegation headed by Menissa Rambally, Permanent Representative of Saint Lucia to the United Nations 


(The troikas are a group of three States selected through a drawing of lots who serve as rapporteurs and who are charged with preparing the report of the Working Group on the country review with the involvement of the State under review and assistance from the OHCHR)


  • Ethiopia, Ireland, Brazil


Summary of Saint Lucia's

opening statement

  • Saint Lucia’s second UPR comes at a critical period in the State’s history, amidst a process of constitutional reform and the incorporation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into the State’s national development plans;

  • Since its first review in 2011, Saint Lucia has experienced a myriad of challenges which have impacted the government ability to maintains the delicate balance of meeting its international human rights obligations while responding to emerging crises;

  • Three hours of rainfall on Christmas Eve in 2013 resulted in loss of life and property and damage estimated at 99 million USD, the equivalent of 18.5% of the State’s annual budget; 

  • Saint Lucia has enacted domestic legislation – the Counter-Trafficking Act, 2010 – in advance of the accession of the UN Protocol to Prevent, Supress and Punish trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, 2013; 

  • The head of delegation stated that the formal process toward the ratification of the Kampala Amendments to the Rome Statute has begun in Saint Lucia and the Government anticipated to ratify them shortly; 

  • Since its independence (in 1979) the participation of women in key sectors in society has been significant; according to a January 2015 ILO report, 52.3% of managerial positions in Saint Lucia were held by women; 

  • In 2012, a National Action Child Protection Committee (NACPC) was established, with the goal of coordinating and reporting on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child; 

  • In terms of corporal punishment, the Government introduced the Saint Lucia’s Child Friendly Schools Programme which resulted in many education institutions embracing alternative methods of disciplining students as opposed to the use of corporal punishment; 

  • The Government was currently in midst of considering whether further ordinary legislation addressing discrimination against persons due to their sexual orientation should be enacted, as suggested by the Constitutional Reform Commission;

  • Amendments made to the Police Complaints Act in 2013 provided that the Minister with responsibility launch an investigation into any alleged incidences of abuse of force by any member of the police against any member of the public; in September this year the Government introduced “A Use of Force Policy” to ensure that proper practices were adhered to by the police force;
  • The Constitutional Reform Committee recommended to retain capital punishment in law, and the question was currently being deliberated in parliament; 

  • The Government has continued to address poverty reduction and sustainable development through the introduction and revamping of specific policies and programmes and has made progress in ensuring that adequate basic human rights including water, food and housing was its priority.
 Postive acheivements  
  • The approval of the “Use of Force Policy” and the Police Complaints Act;

  • Steps taken to reduce poverty and foster economic growth;

  • Measures taken to ensure food security and to improve the water supply system;

  • The creation of the National Action Child Protection Committee;

  • The ratification of the two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child;

  • Steps taken towards achieving gender equality.

Issues and Questions



  • Prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity;

  • Combatting sexual and domestic violence;

  • Child protection measures and systems in place;

  • Addressing reported cases of extrajudicial killings by police;

  • Steps to abolish the death penalty;

  • Ratification of international human rights instruments.




  • To adopt legislation prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity; To repeal all legislation that may discriminate against LGBTI persons;

  • To decriminalise same sex relations between consenting adults;

  • To prosecute all perpetrators of sexual and domestic violence; To take additional steps to protect women and children from domestic violence; 
  • To amend the Criminal Code to include a provision on marital rape;

  • To ensure the implementation of gender equality polices, including in the training and education sector;

  • To adopt additional measures and programmes to prevent child labour; To review child protection systems;

  • To provide the National Action Protection Committee with adequate resources;

  • To fully align national legislation with the Rome Statute of the ICC;

  • To take steps to abolish the death penalty by establishing a formal moratorium;

  • To provide oversight to ensure investigation and prosecution as appropriate against police officers alleged to have been involved in extrajudicial killings;

  • To set up a national human rights institution in compliance with the Paris Principles;

  • Ratification of human rights instruments: the ICCPR, the ICESCR, the CAT and the OP-CAT, the Optional Protocol to the CRPD, the 2nd OP to the ICCPR, the Convention on enforced disappearances, and the Convention on the rights of migrant workers.




The adoption of the report – recommendations section - of the UPR Working Group on Saint Lucia is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, 10 November 2015

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Saint Kitts and Nevis


Saint Kitts and Nevis is one of the 14 States to be reviewed by the UPR Working Group during its upcoming session taking place from 2 to 13 November. Saint Kitts and Nevis’ first review took place on 28 January 2011. 



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  • Headed by Ms Kaye Bass, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs


(The troikas are a group of three States selected through a drawing of lots who serve as rapporteurs and who are charged with preparing the report of the Working Group on the country review with the involvement of the State under review and assistance from the OHCHR)

  • Gabon, Mexico and Saudi Arabia.

Summary of Saint Kitts & Nevis'

opening statement

 Postive acheivements  

Issues and Questions






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Tentative Review Calendar for 2016

25 January  -  Suriname, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines , Antigua and Barbuda, Trinidad and Tobago

25 July -  Haiti

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