Human Rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Human Rights are those universal entitlements that everyone should have by virtue of being a human beings. They are documented in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the most globally accepted document by countries around the world. It lists under thirty articles a number of rights that everyone every where should be able to access and enjoy without prejudice or discrimination.
In order to promote and protect human rights the United Nations created specialised bodies that help to promote and protect them:
- The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights leads the UN System's global activities related to human rights.
- Treaty bodies monitor and assess a list of core instruments and other optional conventions and treaties that focus on specific human rights entitlements
- Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body made up of forty seven (47) member states who are elected by the UN General Assembly- its primary responsibility is the protection of human rights and addressing violations
- Universal Periodic Review - is a unique peer based process by which countries review each other and make recommendations on how to better deliver on human rights issues.